About 15 million people in the U.S. suffer from some form of eczema, including 10-20 percent of all infants. Symptoms vary from person to person but often include dry, red, itchy patches on the skin which break out in rashes when scratched.
Treatment involves the restriction of scratching, use of moisturizing creams and special soaps and prescription anti-inflammatory corticosteroid creams and ointments. In more severe cases, antibiotics may be needed to combat infection. Phototherapy is a common procedure that uses light to reduce rashes. For severe cases, drugs such as cyclosporine A may be recommended.